Indian Citizenship Act - Study Hindi

In this article i will briefly describe of who is citizen in india
first of all i show 

some main topics of this article.  

Citizenship by investment for Indian
Australian pr for indian citizens
European citizenship for Indian
Russian citizenship for Indian
Ireland citizenship for Indian
Indian citizenship online
Indian citizenship act
Citizenship amendment bill 2019
Citizenship bill
Indian citizen
Citizenship act
Citizenship act 1955
Indian citizenship act 1955,


 Who is a citizen (Who is a Citizen?)

 The Constitution of India confers single citizenship. All persons residing in all parts of the country have been granted Indian citizenship (Article 5). In India, like the United States, states do not have separate freedom. According to the constitution, the following three categories of people are citizens of India.
1. Persons who reside in India.

2. Refugees coming to India from Pakistan.

3. Indian Diaspora living in other countries.
In the category of citizens, all those people who live permanently in India, either of whose parents were born in India, the person who prior to the coming into force of the constitution, people were ordinarily residents of India for at least 5 years and who did not voluntarily assume citizenship of any other country.

Acquisition and Termination of Citizenship

The rules relating to gaining and losing citizenship of India are mentioned in the Citizenship Act of 1955. One can get citizenship of India in the following five ways.

1. Birthright citizenship - Any person who is born in India after January 1950 is considered as a born citizen of India.

2. Hereditary citizenship - Any person who is residing outside India on or after 26 January 1950 is considered a citizen of India. If his father was a citizen of India at the time of his birth.

3. Citizenship by Registration - Individuals of the following categories can be granted citizenship of India by registration. If he gives the application of the appropriate officer.

 (A) A person of Indian origin who is ordinarily residing in India for five years before submitting an application.

 (B) A person of Indian origin who is ordinarily residing outside India in any other country or place.

 (C) Women who are married to citizens of India. (D) Young age children of those persons who are themselves citizens of India.

(d) Adult citizens of United Nations countries or Republic of Ireland

4. Citizenship by naturalization - Any person can get India on the basis of naturalization of India, if:
(A) He belongs to a country where the citizens of India can become citizens of the country by the method of naturalization.

(B) renounce his citizenship and informs that renunciation to the Government of India.

(C) To give the application for obtaining citizenship by naturalization .This festival person has been residing in the country for 12 months or is doing a government job.

(D) Character.

(e) Contains practical knowledge of the language of India.

(F) After obtaining citizenship by naturalization, he wants to reside in the country or work in a government post.

 It is necessary to make it clear here that the Government of India can free any person who has rendered best service in the field of philosophy, science, art, literature, world peace, etc., from any or all of the above conditions. is.

5. As a result of the merger of the region - If a new territory is merged with India, the Government of India can clarify which persons residing in that region, being related to that region, accepted the citizens of India. Can go
Citizenship can be administered in three ways:

(A) Any citizen can voluntarily renounce citizenship but to do so, he has to sign the required declaration on the prescribed form, usually the citizenship is the same citizens of another country who are renounced by citizens want to be

(B) Citizenship can also be resettled voluntarily if a citizen is civilizing the citizenship of another country, Take registration or otherwise.

(C) The Central Government can deprive any citizen of his citizenship if he believes that he has obtained citizenship by cheating or giving false facts or by hiding material facts. A citizen can be denied citizenship even if he shows dislike towards the constitution of the country or does business with an enemy country at the time of war. If a person who has obtained citizenship less than five years and has been punished with imprisonment for two years or more, his citizenship can also be terminated. Even if a person has been living abroad for more than seven years, the Central Government can revoke his citizenship.

Amendment of Citizenship Act

In 1986 an amendment was made to the Citizenship Act which made citizenship difficult for refugees from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka or other countries. This amendment provided that any person who was born on or after 26 January 1950 in India, but before 26 November 1986 or after the implementation of this amendment rule. So he will officially get citizenship only if one of his parents was a citizen of India at the time of his birth. By this amendment, the period of registration was increased from 6 months to 5 years to achieve citizenship.
In December 2003, the Citizenship Act 1955 was amended under which the children of Indian citizens or former citizens were given the facility to regain citizenship, but under this Act, the process of obtaining citizenship by citizenship and citizenship was made more stringent so that To prevent illegal persons from obtaining citizenship of India in India today.

Commonwealth Citizenship

Every Commonwealth citizen has the rights of a Commonwealth citizen in India. The Indian Citizenship Act 1955 empowers the Central Government to grant some or all of the rights granted to Indian citizens to citizens of Commonwealth countries on the basis of the principle of transaction.

Single Citizenship

Another peculiarity of Indian citizenship is that it only accepts the principle of single citizenship. This means that states like other federal countries do not have separate citizenship here. On the contrary, all citizens of India, irrespective of the country they live in, have equal rights and privileges.

Dual Citizenship for People of Indian Origin

A person falling under Articles 5,6 and 8 shall not be a citizen of India if he voluntarily acquires citizenship of a foreign state. He cannot be a citizen of two states, ie countries at the same time. For some years, people of Indian origin, who have become foreign nationals, have been given the option of citizenship of India. But this does not apply to Pakistan, Bangladesh etc.
According to a law made on 2 December 2005, a provision has been made to provide dual citizenship to all NRIs (except Pakistan and Bangladesh). According to this law, a foreign national, who-

(i) is eligible to become a citizen of India on 26 January 1950, or

(ii) He is a citizen of India on or after January 26, 1950, or

(3) is a resident of any part of India joining after 15 August 1947, or 

(iv) he or her children or grandchildren, or

(v) minor children of such person; Will be granted dual citizenship by the Government of India.
However, if the applicant is a citizen of Pakistan and Bangladesh, he / she will not have the right to obtain overseas Indian citizenship (OCI) under this scheme. Earlier in 2004, this facility was only for NRIs of 16 countries of the world - Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Cyprus, Sweden, Switzerland, England and America. Now NRIs from all over the world (except Pakistan and Bangladesh) have been brought under this law.
Voting Right to NRIs to Overseas Indians

In February 2006, the Representation of the People Act was amended to give the right to vote to the diaspora in Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies. Through this act, the expatriate Indians will grow more closely to their country, and they will also stay connected to their country by staying abroad.

Significance of Citizenship

The importance of citizenship is clear from the fact that only the citizens have all the fundamental rights conferred by the Constitution. In addition, only citizens can participate in elections to Parliament and Legislative Assemblies. Citizens also have the right to contest elections for membership of these institutions. Apart from this, only citizens can be appointed on some important posts - like President, Vice-President, Supreme Court and High Court Judges etc. Apart from rights, there are many important duties of citizens, such as protecting the country, paying taxes, protecting the unity and integrity of the country, etc.

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